very much has been written over the years regarding the Silver American
breeders tend to get this color confused with other colors.
have been many heated debates among show breeders regarding this color
of the information here can help to educate those who would like to know
more about this color.
cockers is really a mis statement..As there is no actual silver (as in
the color silver).Silver in cocker is actually an ivory color.
cocker is born very light colored and stays that way when grown. Their
coat does not darken or change colors as they age, like many buffs do.
did this Silver Cocker come from?
has raged a debate among some fanciers as to where this silver color came
from in cockers for at least 50 years,. Especially since none of the breeds
the American Cocker derived from has this silvery light coat color. Was
it something recessive hiding in the lines, or was it a breeder's dirty
feel the silver coat color was a mutation.
mutation would come from 1 dog.To our knowledge ,the true silver hasn't
been traced back to any ONE particular dog, although most give credence
to a silver dog, CH Maddie's Vagabonds Return, born in 1949.
was made that "a pet breeder in the early 1940's, Madeleine Paquet , happened
to tap into a bloodline that was already producing light cream colored
to Dr. Alvin Grossman," there is extensive documentation behind CH Ossie's
Smooth Sailing (b.1945) and the dogs that produced him and then CH Maddie'sVagabonds
Vagabonds Return himself was and sometimes still is the subject of controversy
regarding coat colors and producing ability as well as his heritage.
felt this dog was the mutation that was the main cause of silver cockers,
and buff cockers that resembled blacks in conformation and coat. Even though
his sire was the great grandson of CH Ossie's Smooth Sailing, himself a
supposed silver cocker.
has also been speculation from some of the old timers in the show fancy
who were aware of a certain show breeder who incorporated the poodle into
their cocker breeding program in the 1940's. Several have voiced that shortly
afterward, silvers started appearing in this line and lines that were bred
to these dogs. "True silvers are dilute blacks - hence the beautiful black
nose and eye
pigment, as well as grey skin. They were introduced into cockers some years
ago when a breeder, frustrated by the sparse coat factor in the ASCOBs
of the day,
to a white poodle ( these are also known as dilute blacks).
silvers" tended to be well up on leg, with rather plain heads, often had
terrier tails, but PLENTY of hair and should not be confused with a light
cream colored cocker.
their breed type has been improved. ."
there is no actual hard proof on any of it. It was too long ago for any
DNA testing. No one can prove it was a mutation or not, or whether a white
poodle was bred into the mix or not. All we know is the "silver" cocker
has been around for many many years.
been accepted into the fancy since day one and many people love the color.
are no color related health issues associated with the "silver" color in
Genetics in Cockers:
silver cocker was derived from a poodle, it could be the white poodle.
According to Sheila Schmutz PHD , regarding the white poodle,
gene causing this absence of any pigment in the hair is not yet known in
any breed. Some of these poodles have black skin. We differentiate these
from the cream poodles."
cocker could be on the E locus e/e , which is the red gene. With it being
e/e at the MC1R gene. Instead of E/E.
dog still would not be black since the e/e genotype prevents black pigmentation
of hairs in dogs (but not nose leather or pads)
say the silver is caused from the extreme Chinchilla gene, which turns
a dog's coat (but not it's pads eye rims etc) to white.
at coat colors for English cockers, it has been said that white cockers
exist but they are actually a form of parti.
in the case of silver American Cockers..these colors come from buff type
breedings, with little to no parti involved.
to Dr Alvin Grossman, in his book, The American Cocker Spaniel, he states
that the silver also called a.. "Class Number 7 black dog, is a "dilute
black." In fact, he is a black who lacks the extension factor ( the ability
to extend black color throughout his coat). His nose, paws, and skin are
usually blue/black or blue/black spotted. This dilute black has revolutionized
the buff Cocker. Due to a genetic crossover, it can pass black characteristics
to all other colors. Before a "crossover" occurred, this was not possible.The
Class Number 7 black-nosed red...is genetically black in type and conformation
but lacks the coat color. ...This color cannot produce dark reds or chocolate."
if a Cocker is silver or actually light buff:
true silver cockers are not seen readily, some tend to think of the actual
silver/gray color; which many call merle. Merle is NOT silver.
buff cockers with the light golden or very light tan color are NOT silver.
call the very light buffs, silver, but they are in fact just light buffs.
Some do call them silver buffs, which is ok, but they are still, not true
silver, as said before, is genetically a black cocker that lacks
the extension factor that colors the coat black.
dog has black eye rims, black pads, toenails, nose and the skin is dark,almost
a blue black.
skin color is very important in determining if the silver cocker is indeed
very light buffs appear to look silverish, but they have the pink skin.
very light buffs have brown pads, nose and eye rims. These are dilute browns,
cockers, especially many of the browns have what is called a silvering
silvering gene causes the dog's coat to turn silvery gray, or have silver
gray patches on the hips, head ears, etc.
is also NOT a silver cocker.
white dog with blue eyes or pink eyes is also NOT a silver. This white
color can be a result of the dog being a true albino (pink eyes) or an
marked red and white parti with the dilution factor. It can also be a double
it is NOT a silver cocker.
silver generally does NOT have any dark shading (darker color than it's
base color) in it's coat.
of the show fancy prefers to call these very light buffs, silver, but in
actuality, they are not. Not unless they have the dark gray/blue skin.
pup that is born will often be described as, " born
pearlescent/opalescent looking with dark grey/purple skin and is fully
(black) pigmented by about 3 days of age."
the line may mature a little slower and the skin will darken in a few days.
you must have the dark skin in order for it to be considered a silver.
silver is really a black dog..but it has light fur instead of black..
think, possibly it was a buff cocker with the dilution gene?
dilution gene will dilute ALL color in a dog, including the eye rims, nose
a silver has the black nose pads, etc, it is not a buff with the dilution
breeders state that since silver is a dilution form of black, that silver
is more dominate than black. If you breed a silver to a buff, you should
produce more silvers than buffs.
breeders state in order to produce a true silver, you must have a black
& tan with the lightest color tan points possible somewhere in the
you are producing true silvers, you can breed the 2 together and often
produce an entire litter of silvers.
are no known health problem in breeding silver to silver.
Connie BC-C'lestial Cockers
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