|About Roan Cockers
History of Roan Cockers:
cockers have always
been a part of the cocker spaniel breed.
one time, English cockers and American cockers were the same breed.
started breeding smaller and more plush and creating the American cocker
the 1800's, small spaniels were developed to hunt woodcock. The sizes of
puppies from these early litters varied widely.
first stud book of the Kennel Club (United Kingdom) divided the dogs by
a spaniel weighed under 25 lbs, it was called a Cocker Spaniel. If a spaniel
weighed over 25 lbs, it was
a Field Spaniel.
existed with the weight designations, so it was decided that type should
be considered more important than weight.
American Spaniel Club, which was formed in 1881, created Breed Standards
for each Spaniel type.
Kennel Club (UK) had separated the different types of spaniels in the Stud
Book by 1893.
America, after World War I, the English Cocker type was not as in demand
nor favored as
American cocker type which was forming.
American type was smaller and more elegant.
two Cocker Spaniels were shown together, competing against one another,
1936, when the English Cocker received status as a variety.
research began in order to separate the English Cocker from the American
English Cocker Spaniel Club of America pledged not to interbreed the two
American Kennel Club granted a separate breed designation for the English
Cocker Spaniel in 1946.
1946, Mrs. Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge managed to get the 2 breeds who
by now were distinctly different,
and the American cocker was called the Cocker spaniel and the
was called the English cocker.
these 2 dogs came from the same mold, so to say, all of the colors,
and markings were shared, such as black, brown, buff, parti, (mahogany)
sable,and roan, along with tan points.
many English cocker breeders bred roans, most of the American cocker breeders
elected to stay away mostly from
roans since they reminded them of the English cocker.
the Philsworth Kennels continued breeding roan cockers
your "true" roan cockers from today can be traced back to this kennel
can be traced back to the English lines.
in American cockers has never been a very popular color until the past
are some dedicated kennels who have been regularly breeding roan cockers
for quite a number of years.
roans can be traced to Campbell Kennels who bred from the Fourwinds Kennels,
roans came directly from the Philsworth lines.
of us who breed roans, can be traced into these earlier kennels.
of the Philsworth roan Champions were:
PHILSWORTH'S BLUE BRINE (b.1945)
PHILSWORTH'S BLUE SKYLARK
PHILSWORTH'S BLUEBIRD (b.1940)
PHILSWORTH'S DEEP BLUE
PHILSWORTH'S VICTORY BLUE, CD (b.1944)
of Roan Cockers:
are considered parti cockers and are shown in the parti classes.
Roaning is a mingling of colored hair mixed into the white hair of a parti.
like W= white hair and B=black hair.
roan pattern would look much like WWBWWWBWWB.
some roans may also be ticked, this isn't desirable
when breeding for roan.
people get ticking confused with roaning.
are not the same and erroneously register
their cockers as roans when they are not.
is like little spots..freckles per se, and the gene for ticking is on a
separate allele than roan.
is generally bred if possible to a very open marked parti,
more white the better.
the roan is bred to a closed marked parti,
dog often can over roan and will eventually look much like a mismarked
solid color cocker.
only roaning that can be seen in a heavily marked roan is generally
the chest or possible one or 2 spots on the back on belly.
is a simple dominate gene.
mean either you have it or you don't.
is not recessive and cannot be carried
over generations and produced.
a dog is roan, then either one or both of it's parents are roan
can trace the roan down in a pedigree all the way back before the split
from the English cockers to American cockers..
a roan litter, generally, you can tell the roans from birth as you may
see some smudging of color around the nose or feet.
pads on the bottom of the feet often have a color halo before it fills
say you cannot tell at birth until about 2 weeks before the roaning becomes
from my own experience and experience of some others, this isn't true.
The roan is apparant
though possibly in very small quantities, from birth.
colors in American Cockers are:
Roan-Which is basicly a black and white parti
where the individual black hairs imtermingles
white which often gives a bluish appearance.
Roan or Liver
Roan-Brown and white parti with brown hairs
intermingled in the white
Roan..sometimes called Red
Roan & Strawberry
Roan-Which is a red and white parti with red
hairs intermingled in the white
3 can also have tan points, although you generally won't really see the
tan points in a red roan
are NO health issues associated with the roan gene.
Roans & Merles are NOT the same thing!
very recently, merle cockers could not register their merle cockers as
merles. Unfortunately,before this,
encouraged the merle owners to register them as roans.
roan is not a well known pattern, people have been getting confused thinking
merle is roan.
are 2 completely different patterns.
carries a lethal gene IF BRED to another merle.
is very upsetting to the dedicated roan breeders and is also upsetting
to those who breed merles.
more information on the Merle Cocker Issue,
check out our website: Merle Cockers:
Fact or Fiction
you are searching for an actual roan cocker, please do your homework;
the breeder about whether the cocker is roan or merle.
breeders do not know the difference and often think their merle cocker
is a roan.
will still find several websites and business websites that advertise puppies
who still list merle cockers as roans.
education is out there now so most breeders do know the difference
there are still those who don't and looking at pedigrees can get confusing
roan is becoming popular now,
are still generally fairly rare AND
are NOT being bred by very many breeders.
roans are being bred by even less.
breeders are very protective of their roans and have spent a lot of time
and energy attempting
preserve the roan in todays American Cocker.
I plan to add more information
and photos for education purposes but for the time being, if you are a
member of Facebook,
sign up to join our Roan
Cockers discussion group on there.
There are many roan fanciers
who can answer questions and plenty of photos.
This group is especially important
for those who judge roans in the conformation ring, as there have been
some real mistakes being
made, as well as uncalled for paranoia, thinking a roan may be a merle
At some Judge seminars,
educators have been telling the judges to move
the roans to the back of
the line so they won't "put up" a merle by accident.
This paranoia is ridiculous
and needs to stop!
Correct information about
roans should be freely available to all who judge roan cockers.
To sign up for the Roan
Fanciers Discussion Group
Connie BC-C'lestial Cockers 2000-2013
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